Our patients often visit our dental surgery with gum problems. The recession of the gums, that is periodontal disease has already become widespread by now.
Our patients turn to us with the following periodontal problems:
• inflamed gums, bleeding after cleaning the teeth
• bad breath
• moving or moveable teeth
• teeth 'migrated' from their original location
Periodontitis | Causes For Development
Periodontitis is mainly caused by the following:
• not removed plaque, dental deposit
• not properly closing fillings or artificial crowns
• high fillings, artificial crowns
• irregularly positioned teeth
Periodontitis | Prevention
• by regular dental control examinations twice a year
• by acquiring and applying the proper oral hygienic habits (see: dental hygiene, tooth cosmetics)
• if necessary by scaling, replacing the fillings, artificial crowns, tooth straightening, avoiding smoking
Why Is It Necessary To Discover And Treat Periodontitis?
• the long lasting inflammation destroys the supporting structure of the teeth, which may lead to loosening or even losing teeth
• the chronic inflammation means a burden for the body as a focus and can become the source of further diseases (e.g.: endocarditis, articular complaints, dermatological diseases, it may worsen an existing diabetes, it may lead to premature birth)
How Can The Already Developed Periodontitis Be Cured?
• the dentist determines the severity of the Periodontitis by examining the condition of the gums and the periodontium
• identifies the exiting agents
• shows and teaches the perfect oral hygiene
• eliminates the factors facilitating the deposition of plaque (scaling, tooth polishing, replacing the improper fillings, dentures, adjusting their height, tooth straightening)
• the application of antiseptic solutions
• regular, practical control examinations
• surgical intervention, if necessary
The moving teeth can be stabilised by putting up different dental SPLINTS. We can connect these teeth together with bridges or we can fix ribbons developed especially for this purpose on the internal surface of the teeth concerned. Splinting is an aesthetic, easy to clean solution, by means of which we can durably protect the periodontium.
The periodontal complaints arising at the patients can generally be stopped by means of 1-1 more thorough cleaning treatments and acquiring and using the proper oral hygiene habits at home. The regular dental control, which often becomes due once in a month or two, also contributes to the quick and long lasting result.
Periodontitis | Recession Of The Gums
The first and most important thing to know is that gingivitis leads to periodontitis and sooner or later to losing the teeth!
Gingivitis And Periodontitis | 90% Of Adults Suffer From This
The most frequent disease of the gums and the periodontal tissues is the inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or periodontitis, which concerns 90% of the adult population, and which is primarily caused by insufficient oral hygiene.
Gingivitis can cause serious diseases, such as periodontal disease, which means the inflammation of the periodontium, or periodontitis, which means the recession of the gums, so gingivitis has to be cured by all means.
The symptom attached to the recession of the gums is that the fixation of the teeth to the jaw becomes looser, which leads to the continuous shrinking of the gums from the dental neck, and after a certain time to the loosening of the teeth, which we can even lose easily.
Gingivitis | Proliferating Bacteria
The bacteria considerably proliferating are responsible for the development of gingivitis. These bacteria form a so-called plaque on the teeth, which, unless thoroughly removed from the surface of the teeth, simply hardens and the dental deposit forms.
Gingivitis is caused by the common detrimental effect of the bacteria and the dental deposit. The bacteria get between the inflamed gum and the teeth and cause the formation of so-called pockets, as a result of which the gums simply pull away from the surface of the teeth.
If the inflammatory process also extends to the territory of the periodontium, the periodontitis, that is the inflammation of the periodontium forms, as a result of which the fixing tissues of the teeth degrade, spreading most likely to the tissues of the jaw as well. This is the moment when even the supporting structure of the tooth also starts weakening or even disintegrating, as a result of which first the teeth become loose and they may even fall out.
Gingivitis | Symptoms
If the gums are red, inflamed and swollen, we talk about gingivitis. Bleeding often accompanies this, the gums may be soft to the touch but without causing any pain.
The formation of gingivitis can mainly be prevented by observing the proper oral hygiene, in which your dentist is ready to help; during the regular dental controls your dentist provides assistance in acquiring the proper oral hygiene, the proper use of the toothbrush, dental floss as well as the selection of the most suitable toothpaste and rinsing liquid.
Periodontal Inflammation | Symptoms
As a result of the already developed gingivitis periodontitis, that is the periodontal inflammation, which is the bacteriological inflammation of the tissues of the periodontium, can form within a relatively short period. Responding to this inflammation process, that is to the infection itself, the human body starts to produce materials, which break down the tissues fixing the teeth, quite often even the bone tissues, as well.
This is how the degenerative lesion of the gums, that is periodontitis, forms. Loosening the teeth, which leads to losing the teeth, is only a single step from here. The greatest danger of the periodontal inflammation is that it is an unnoticed, painless process.
Periodontitis | The Disease Of The Middle-aged And Elderly People
Periodontitis is mainly the disease of the middle-aged and elderly people. The inflammation of the periodontium causes a lasting detriment and we can hope for the regeneration of the damaged tissues only occasionally, if the cases are not very serious. The properly set-up treatment plan, together with observing the proper oral hygiene, can improve the condition of the gums in any stadium and can delay or even prevent the formation of the serious conditions.
As we have already detailed it, the symptoms of the inflammation of the periodontium are as follows: the shrinking and bleeding of the gums, and the foul breath. Later the teeth become loose and start moving. Finally the teeth are lost. After noticing the symptoms it is important to turn to the dentist immediately, since the recession of the tooth tissues can already be identified by means of a careful examination and taking an X-ray record at a very early stage. This can be cured in this phase, if the proper oral hygiene is also observed.
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